PIB News 28th Sep, 2020

(General Studies- II: Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations, Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.)


Prime Minister to inaugurate six mega projects in Uttarakhand under Namami Gange
To launch a Book titled “Rowing Down the Ganges”
 To inaugurate a Ganga Avalokan, a first of its kind museum on Ganga

Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi shall inaugurate six mega projects in Uttarakhand under the Namami Gange Mission, at 11 AM on 29th September 2020 through video conference.

The projects include construction of a 68 MLD STP, upgradation of the existing 27 MLD at Jagjeetpur, in Haridwar and construction of an 18 MLD STP at Sarai, in Haridwar. The inauguration of 68 MLD Jagjeetpur project also marks completion of the first sewerage project taken up on hybrid annuity mode of PPP.

In Rishikesh, a 26 MLD STP at Lakkadghat shall be inaugurated.

The Haridwar-Rishikesh zone contributes about 80% waste water load into the River Ganga. Hence, inauguration of these STPs will play a significant role in keeping the River Ganga clean.

In Muni ki Reti town, the 7.5 MLD STP in Chandreshwar Nagar will be the first 4 storied Sewage Treatment Plant in the country where the limitation of land availability was converted into an opportunity. The STP was constructed in less than 900 SQM area which is about 30% of the usual area requirement for STPs of such capacity.

The Prime Minister shall also inaugurate a 5 MLD STP at Chorpani, and two STPs with capacities of 1 MLD and 0.01 MLD at Badrinath.

In all 30 projects (100%) are now complete in Uttarakhand for taking care of pollution from 17 Ganga towns near river Ganga, which is a landmark achievement.

The Prime Minister will also inaugurate “Ganga Avalokan”, the first museum on Ganga dedicated to showcase the culture, biodiversity and rejuvenation activities done in Ganga river. The museum is located at Chandi Ghat, Haridwar.

A book, ‘Rowing down the Ganges’, co-published by National Mission for Clean Ganga & Wildlife Institute of India will be launched at the event. This colourful book is an attempt to merge the biodiversity and culture of the Ganga River. It conceptualizes the story of the Ganga as what one would see when one rows down from Gaumukh, its origin, to Ganga Sagar, the last point before entering the sea.

The logo of Jal Jeevan Mission and ‘Margdarshika for Gram Panchayats and Paani Samitis under Jal Jeevan Mission’ will also be unveiled by Prime Minister.


(General Studies- II: Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations, Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.)


Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh unveils Defense Acquisition Procedure – 2020;
New DAP incorporates several measures to boost domestic Defense industry and Make in India;
Procedures simplified to reduce time delays and enhance ease of doing business

Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh today unveiled the Defense Acquisition Procedure (DAP) – 2020 in New Delhi. The first Defense Procurement Procedure (DPP) was promulgated in the year 2002 and has since been revised periodically to provide impetus to the growing domestic industry and achieve enhanced self reliance in defense manufacturing. Raksha Mantri had approved constitution of Main Review Committee under Chairmanship of DG (Acquisition) Shri Apurva Chandra in Aug 2019 for preparation of DAP-2020. DAP 2020 will be applicable with effect from 01 October 2020. Formulation of DAP 2020 has been done over more than one year, incorporating comments/suggestions from a wide spectrum of stakeholders as under:-



Think Tanks



  • Army
  • Navy
  • Air Force
  • ICG
  • NSCS
  • MoD (Fin)
  • DMA
  • DRDO
  • DDP
  • DGQA
  • PHD Chamber
  • Delhi Policy Group
  • Indian Defence Research
  • ROE
  • KPMG
  • Indian (30)
  • TATA
  • L&T
  • Mahindra
  • Adani Gp
  • Foreign (20)


2.        DAP 2020 has been aligned with the vision of the Government  of Atmanirbhar Bharat and empowering Indian domestic industry through Make in India initiative with the ultimate aim of turning India into a global manufacturing hub. With the new Foreign Direct Investment policy announced,  DAP 2020 has adequately included provisions to encourage FDI to establish manufacturing hubs both for import substitution and exports while protecting interests of Indian domestic industry. Specific reforms enunciated in Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan, have been incorporated as under:-

(a)       Notify a List of Weapons/Platforms for Ban on Import.  Relevant incorporation has been done in the DAP to ensure that NO equipment as mentioned in the list is procured ex import post timelines notified.

 (b)       Indigenisation of Imported Spares.   

 (i)        Request For Information.          RFI stage will explore willingness of the prospective foreign vendors to progressively undertake manufacture and setup an indigenous eco system at the spares/sub component level.

(ii)       New Category of Buy (Global – Manufacture in India).    The new category incorporates manufacture of either the entire/part of the equipment or spares/assemblies/sub-assemblies/Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul (MRO) facility for the equipmentthrough its subsidiary in India.

(iii)      Co-production through IGA.      This enables establishment of co-production facilities through IGA achieving Import Substitution’ and reduce Life Cycle Cost.

(iv)     Contractual Enablement.  Buyer’s Right to optimize Life Cycle Support costs and system enhancements through indigenous eco system incorporated.

(c)       FDI in Defence Manufacturing.            With the announcement of new FDI Policy, suitable provisions have been incorporated like new category ‘Buy (Global – Manufacture in India)’ done to encourage foreign OEMs to setup ‘manufacturing/maintenance entities’ through its subsidiary in India while enabling requisite protections to domestic industry.

(d)       Time Bound Defence Procurement Process and Faster Decision Making.  As part of the Defence Reforms announced in the Atmanirbhar Abhiyan, setting up of a PMU has been mandated to support contract management. The PMU will facilitate obtaining advisory and consultancy support in specified areas to streamline Acquisition process. Other issues included in these reforms are:-

(i)        Realistic Setting of GSQRs of Weapons/Platforms.          The process of formulation of SQRs has been further refined with greater emphasis on identifying verifiable parameters based on analysis of ‘Comparative’ equipment available in the World and Domestic markets.

(ii)       Simplification of Trial Procedures.     DAP 2020 emphasizes the need to conduct trials with an objective to nurture competition based on the principles of transparency, fairness and equal opportunities to all and not as a process of elimination. 

3.        Ease of Doing Business.  One of the key focus areas of the review was to implement Ease of Doing Business’ with emphasis on simplification, delegation and making the process industry friendly with certain specific provisions incorporated:-

(a)       Procedural Changes.       

  1. Single stage accord of AoN in all cases upto Rs 500 crores has been instituted thereby reducing time.
  1. FTP cases, post accord of AoN, will be progressed as per delegated powers thereby reducing the procurement cycle considerably.

  (iii)     In Planning Process, LTIPP has been re-designated as Integrated Capability Development Plan (ICDP) covering planning period of ten years instead of 15 years.

 (b)       Request for Proposal (RFP) and Standard Contract Document (SCD). Certain measures to provide clarity and alignment of requirements as also enabling provisions have been incorporated in the RFP and SCD in terms of Flow Chart driven guidelines, provision of in-storage preservation and termination of contracts in cases where projects are not progressing as per pre–defined milestones.

 Salient features of DAP 2020

4.        Reservation in Categories for Indian Vendors.      The categories of Buy(Indian-IDDM), Make I, Make II, Production Agency in Design &Development, OFB/DPSU and SP model will be exclusively reserved for Indian Vendors meeting the criteria of Ownership and Control by resident Indian Citizens with FDI not more than 49%. This reservation will provide exclusivity in participation to domestic Indian industry.

 5.        Enhancement of Indigenous Content.          

 (a)       Overall Enhancement in Indigenous Content (IC).

Ser No


DPP 2016

DAP 2020


Buy (Indian-IDDM)

Min 40%

Min 50%


Buy (Indian)

Min 40%

Indigenous design – Min 50%

Otherwise – Min 60%


Buy & Make (Indian)

Min 50% of Make

Min 50% of Make



Buy (Global – Manufacture in India)


Min 50% of Buy plus Make


Buy (Global)


Min 30% for Indian vendors


(b)      IC Verification.       A simple and practical verification process has been instituted and  IC will now be calculated on ‘Base Contract Price’ i.e. Total Contract Price less taxes & duties.

 (c)       Indigenous Military Material.  Promoting use of indigenous military material with provisions for examination of platforms and other equipment/ systems and reward for vendors for using indigenous raw material.

(d)      Indigenous Software.      Provision for exploring options for operating base applications like Fire  Control  System,  Radars,  Encryption, Communications etc on indigenous software in Buy (Indian- IDDM) & Buy (Indian) cases has been included.

6.        Rationalisation of Trial and Testing Procedures.  

(a)       Testing equipment based on its employability and for other conditions appropriate certifications confirming functional effectiveness may be obtained.

(b)      Scope of Trials will be restricted to physical evaluation of core operational parameters, other parameters may be evaluated based on vendor certification, certification by accredited laboratories, computer simulations of parameters..

(c)       Avoid duplication of trials and waiver will be granted based on Certificates of Conformance. Ensure simultaneity of various Trials and wherever feasible, entire trials be conducted by a Combine Trial Team in order to save time.

(d)      Requisite opportunity will be afforded to participating vendors to rectify shortcomings /faults during the Trials with permission to carry out repairs.

(e)      Request For Proposal will apprise vendors to submit draft Acceptance Test Procedure (ATP), to be finalized by QA agency during Technical Trials itself. Sample size for destructive tests including the aspect of cost to be borne by seller will be stated upfront in the RFP for vendor.

 (f)       Inspections.            No repetition of inspections will be done especially during acceptance of equipment. Third Party Inspections will also be carried out.   

 7.        Make & Innovation.        

 (a)       Make I (Government Funded upto 70%).     Laying down a cap of Rs 250 crore/DA and selection of DAs based on bidding criteria.

 (b)       Make II (Industry Funded) for production of indigenously designed & developed weapons/equipment/systems/platforms along with sub components/assemblies.

 (c)       Make III (Indigenously Manufactured) category for manufacture of equipment/platforms or spares/assemblies/sub-assemblies for enabling import substitution.

 (d)       Procurement of prototypes developed through ‘Innovation’ under various initiatives like iDEX, Technology Development Fund and Internal Services Organizations has been facilitated.

 8.        Design & Development. A separate dedicated chapter has been incorporated in the DAP 2020 for acquisition of systems Designed and Developed by DRDO/DPSUs/OFB. A simplified procedure with Integrated Single Stage Trials to reduce timelines and laying greater emphasis on evaluation through certification and simulation. Aspects of Spiral Development have been incorporated.

 9.        Address Voids.       Certain existing voids have been addressed in the form of new Chapters as under:-

 (a)       ‘Information Communication Technology’.             Peculiar issues related to procurement of ICT intensive equipment especially of Interoperability & Built-in Upgradability, enhanced security requirements and change management have been included.

 (b)       Leasing.        A new category introduced to enable operating of assets without owning thereby, substitute huge initial capital outlays.

(c)       Post Contact Management.  To formalise procedures post signing of contract with respect to inspections, levying of Liquidity Damages, Contract Amendments etc.

(d)       Other Capital Procurement Procedure.        A new procedure has been included as a new chapter in DAP and structured as an enabling provision for Services to procure essential items through Capital Budget under a simplified procedure in a time bound manner.

10.      Industry Friendly Commercial Terms.

(a)       Price Variation Clause has been incorporated for large and protracted contracts in order to avert inflated initial quotes by vendors and arriving at a realistic price of the project.

(b)       Payments to Vendors.     Suitable provisions like parallel processing of documents by SHQ/PCDA through digital verification, within laid down timelines, has been included to ensure timely payment to vendors. Payments to Indian industry have been aligned with foreign industry.

11.      Offsets.        The Offset guidelines have been revised, wherein preference will be given to manufacture of complete defense products over components and various multipliers have been added to give incentivisation in discharge of Offsets.

12.     In fact, DAP 2020 which has been formulated post interactions over a year, is an enabler & industry friendly procedure aligned with Government of India’s vision of Atmanirbhar Bharat & impetus to Make in India. DAP 2020 document instills a confidence and will meet aspirations of stakeholders across the spectrum.


(General Studies-III: Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management, Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.)


Five years of astronomical photography in visible, near-ultraviolet, and far-ultraviolet spectrum
Ultra-Violet Imaging Telescope is India’s first multi-wavelength astronomical observatory AstroSat in the sky
It has carried out 1166 observations of 800 unique celestial sources proposed by scientists both from India and abroad

The satellite that detected the first extreme-UV rays in the Universe from the cosmic noon celebrated its 5th birthday today, September 28, 2020.

The Ultra-Violet Imaging Telescope, or the UVIT, is a remarkable 3-in-1 imaging telescope simultaneously observing in the visible, the near-ultraviolet (NUV), and the far-ultraviolet (FUV) spectrum.

Weighing all of 230 kg, the UVIT comprises of two separate telescopes. One of them works in the visible (320-550 nm) and the NUV (200-300 nm). The second works only in the FUV (130-180 nm). It is one of the five payloads onboard India’s first multi-wavelength astronomical observatory AstroSat and completed five years of operation in the sky by imaging astronomical objects on 28 September 2020.

However, in the five years of its operation, the birthday baby has achieved quite a feat. It has carried out 1166 observations of 800 unique celestial sources proposed by scientists both from India and abroad.

It has explored stars, star clusters, mapping of the large and small satellite galaxies nearby to our own Milky Way galaxy called the Magellanic Clouds, an energetic phenomenon in the Universe such as the ultra-violet counterparts to gamma-ray bursts, supernovae, active galactic nuclei, and so on.

Its superior spatial resolution capability has enabled astronomers to probe star formation in galaxies as well as resolve the cores of star clusters (3 times better than the last NASA mission, GALEX). Observations from UVIT has recently led to the discovery of a galaxy located at a distance of about 10 billion light-years from Earth and emitting extreme ultraviolet radiation that can ionize the intergalactic medium.

AstroSat was launched by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) on 28 September 2015 and has proved to be an important satellite capable of carrying out simultaneous observations over a range of wavelengths from the far ultraviolet to the hard X-ray band.

The UVIT project was led by the Indian Institute of Astrophysics (IIA), an autonomous institute of the Department of Science & Technology, Government of India, in collaboration with the Inter University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pune, the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai, several centers of ISRO and the Canadian Space Agency. Several groups from ISRO have contributed to the design, fabrication, and testing of the payload.

“The Ultra-Violet Imaging Telescope, which is a marvelous piece of engineering, is a testimony to the power of several scientific agencies working together in multidisciplinary mode with a shared purpose,” said Prof Ashutosh Sharma, Secretary, and DST.  




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