(General Studies-III: Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management, Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.)
Shri B S Yediyurappa, Chief Minister of Karnataka and Shri Suresh C. Angadi, Minister of State of Railways flags off first ever RORO service of South Western Railway from Nelamangla (near Bengaluru) to Bale (near Solapur)
Railways take decisive steps towards ensuring multimodal connectivity
Shri B S Yediyurappa Chief Minister of Karnataka congratulates Shri Suresh C. Angadi for taking lead and assured full cooperation from State Government
“Multimodal connectivity is a dream of Prime Minister” Shri Suresh C. Angadi
RORO services are combination of best features of road and rail transports in the sense that they offer door to door service with minimal handling transported by fat and direct rail link. Road transport has advantage of door to door delivery of goods.
Shri B S Yediyurappa, Chief Minister of Karnataka and Shri Suresh C. Angadi, Minister of State of Railways today flagged off first ever RORO service of South Western Railway from Nelamangla (near Bengaluru) to Bale (near Solapur).
Speaking on the occasion, Shri B S Yediyurappa, Chief Minister of Karnataka said, “Our beloved Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi ji is emphasizing on Multimodal connectivity. APMC Markets in the region offer tremendous scope for RORO.” He congratulated Shri Suresh C. Angadi, Minister of State of Railways for taking lead in the initiative and assured full cooperation from State Government.
Speaking on the occasion, Shri Suresh C. Angadi, Minister of State of Railways said, “Multimodal connectivity is dream of Hon'ble Prime Minister. Thousands of trucks plying between Bengaluru and Solapur. With RORO travel time will be just 17 hours. This is trial run that got delayed due to COVID. Kisan Rail started to help farmers-agricultural produce can be transported across the country.” The RORO service will bring faster development in the region.
He congratulated customer of today's RORO service for taking initiative. He also congratulated all Railway staff for doing mammoth work.
Roll On Roll Off (RORO)is a concept of carrying road vehicles loaded with various commodities, on open flat railway wagons .Hon’ble PM ,in his recent Independence day speech ,has envisaged multimodal connectivity to take India to next level of development.
RORO services are combination of best features of road and rail transports in the sense that they offer door to door service with minimal handling transported by fat and direct rail link . Road transport has advantage of door to door delivery of goods. However, increasing traffic on roads is leading to congestion and delays to passenger vehicles. This will cause unsafe travel conditions. Also, delays at interstate check posts due to inspection of various documents, etc. contribute to increased travel time.
On the other hand, Railways provide hassle free and environmentally friendly transport to medium to large quantum of freight.Rail transport is most fuel efficient of all means of transport and is much safer than road.
Advantages of RO-RO :
Roll-on-Roll-off is a multimodal delivery model with following advantages
Faster movement of goods and essentials, reducing Time taken by trucks to reach destinations due to traffic congestion in between cities
Reduces congestion on the roads
Saves precious fuel
Reduces carbon footprint
Relief to crew of truck as it avoids long distance driving
No hassles of check posts/toll gates etc
Seamless Inter-operability between roadways & railways-Inter-modal transport on existing track
Ensuring uninterrupted supply of essential commodities
Free time for loading/ unloading is 3 hours
Ro-RO will be reckoning force in "vocal for local" –
Will boost our local MSME units by encouraging piecemeal /decentralized loading through trucks.
RO-RO will help government initiatives like "operation green" to stabalize prices of TOP(tomato,potato and Onion)
Provides link between agriculture producing regions and agro consumption centres
Ensures farmers get the right market and right price for their produce
Connects and Balances the commodity deficient and surplus markets
RO-ROtrain services were first introduced in Indian Railways on Konkan Railways in 1999, and are running successfully since then.
In lockdown announced to control the spread of Covid-19 in the country, the RO-RO model came to the rescue for many transporters.
A Solapur based firm, M/s Jitendra Realty and Infrastructure Pvt Ltd Company (JRIPL) explored the commercial feasibility of RO-RO train services between Solapur and Bengaluru. Based on the feasibility report submitted by Central Railway, recommended by South Central and South Western Railway, Railway Board has approved the RO-RO service between the two commercial Hubs Nelamangla (near Bengaluru) and Bale (near Solapur)in April 2020.
Bengaluru and Solapur cities are thriving business cities, rich in agri-products. Substantial road traffic carrying large number of commodities moves between these two cities
After the detailed study, the route of RORO train services between these two cities, is decided to be passing through four States - Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh , Telangana and Maharashtra
Flat Wagons (BRN) -Permitted carrying capacity 66 Tonnes per wagon
BRN (Leased @ Rs.4 Lakh for a round trip)
Number of Days taken per round trip
6 Days per round trip
Number of Trucks in one operation
Minimum Pay Load per Truck
1260 MT in one trip
2520 MT in one round trip
Free Time for Loading/ Unloading
Freight per round Trip
Rs.2,700/- per tonne per round trip
Rs.34 Lakh per round trip for full load
Technical aspects: The most important safety consideration of the RORO train service is the maximum moving dimensions of the trucks loaded onto the railway wagons. Railway routes have permissible limits of height and width of the moving vehicles and when trucks are loaded on top of the wagons, their overall dimensions must not exceed these limits.
This issue was examined by all concerned and based on the vertical clearance available, it was decided that trucks with a maximum height of 3300 mm only shall be moved in RORO trains in this route.
For loading such trucks on to the flat wagons, loading and unloading ramps are required at each end. Selection of both terminals was done keeping in mind the accessibility to state highways, availability of reversal of reversal of train and line capacity of terminal etc. The agency undertook construction of ramps at Bale station near Solapur and Nelamangala station near Bengaluru at their own cost. Other logistic items such as height gauge for measurement of height of the consignment before loading, weighbridge, circulating area for truck parking movement, electricity for day/night operations, etc. were also provided at both the terminals in consultation with local agencies.
RORO services on Bengaluru - Solapur section shall be the only privately operated RORO train services on Indian Railways which will not only help two major markets of Solapur and Bengaluru and also ease congestion on busy highway giving a big relief to the travelling public on this route.
The major commodities expected from Bengaluru end are spices, dry fruits, raw coconuts, coffee, nuts, etc. while from Solapur end are agricultural products such as onion, and pulses, fruits, etc are likely to be loaded. After Feb. 2020 it is observed that transportation of agricultural products has assumed much importance.
APMC vegetable market one of the biggest onion market in South India
More than 500 shops is about 9 Kms from Nelamangala
Serves Coconut growers from Tumkur, Dobbaspet, Tiptur, etc
Pineapples growers from Bengaluru Rural Areas
Sapota cultivators from Bengaluru Rural Area
Sabudana manufacturers from Salem
Spice(dry chilli & others) Cultivators from Karnataka Rural regions
Perishable vegetables from Nelamangala and neighbouring areas
M/s.Unibic, Denzo, Kirloskar, Jindal, Kemwell, Powerica &many PharmaIndustries are located within 15 kms from Nelamangala
Major Transport Hub- within 15 kms from Nelmangala
Major Transport services s operating in the vicinity –
Looking at the advantages and opportunities of the RORO, State Govt. has also promised to extend full support to RORO. By this hassle free RORO service, agriculture and industries of the both ends will get tremendous benefit, which will be a WIN-WIN for all stake holders.
(General Studies- II: Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations, Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.)
Measurement and monitoring of water supply to be done under Jal Jeevan Mission
India is one of the most vibrant IoT eco-systems in the world, with various supporting enablers making it conducive for companies looking to serve global demand beyond national boundaries. Government of India has introduced different policies and initiatives to leverage the benefits of these disruptive IoTtechnologies in multiple sectors. To harness the initiatives like Atmanirbhar Bharat, Digital India and Make in India, the Jal Jeevan Mission will be creating a smart rural water supply eco-system to measure and monitor the service delivery of the water supply in rural areas.
Union Government’s flagship programme, Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) being implmeneted in partnership with States aims at providing Functional Household Tap Connection (FHTC) to every rural household of the country by 2024. The programme focuses on service delivery at the household level, i.e. supply of 55 lpcd of water of prescribed quality on a regular and long-term basis. The mission focuses on ‘service delivery’, rather only on infrastructure creation.
In accordance to 73rd Amendment to the Constitution, Gram Panchayats at village level are to manage drinking water supply. Thus, Gram Panchayat or its sub-committee, i.e. Village Water & Sanitation Committee/ PaaniSamiti are required to function as a ‘local public utility’ for drining water management, water service delivery, greywater treatment& reuse, and take care of operation and maintenance of in-village water supply infrastructure for assured drinking water supply on regular basis, collect user charges for delivery of water supply services. To facilitate States and Gram Panchayats or its sub-committee, i.e. PaaniSamiti, an automated system for measurement and monitoring of water service delivery is necessary. This necessitates the use of modern technology formeasurement and monitoring of the water service delivery and to capture and transmit service delivery data automatically for ensuring the quality of service.
It’s the endeavour of the Union Government to expand optic fibre network uptoall villages. Accordingly, Hon’ble Prime Minister announced that in next 1,000 days, all villages will be connected by fibre optic network. In almost whole country, telecom connectivity has reached. IoT strategies are increasingly used to monitor the water quantity and quality.Recent technological advancements (such as IoT, Big Data Analytics, AI/ML, Cloud) and declining costs of mobile data, hardware (sensors), and software provide an opportunity to digitise water supply infrastructure in rural India. Digitally enabled water supply infrastructure will help in near real-time monitoring and evidence-based policymaking. Digitisation of water supply infrastructure has the potential to help the Gram Panchayats as 'local public utility'. More importantly, it will help anticipate and address future challenges.
National Jal Jeevan Mission has constituted aTechnical Expert Committee to prepare a road map for measurement and monitoring of water service delivery system in rural areas.The committee has eminent members from academia, administration, technology and specialistsfrom water supply sector.
National Jal Jeevan Mission andMinistry of Electronics &Information Technology planning to conduct an ICT Grand Challenge. The purpose of the ICT grand challenge is to bring an innovative, modular, and cost-effective solution to develop a ‘Smart Water Supply Measurement and Monitoring System’ to be deployed at the village level. The ICT grand challenge will be inviting proposal from Indian Tech start-ups, MSMEs, Indian Companies, Indian LLPs.
The mission in partnership with State Governments and sector partners has started facilitating sensor-based water supply system on pilot basis in various villages. Gujarat has begun navigating the sensor-based rural water supply systems in 1,000 villages spread across five districts. Other States have also started pilot projects. The data collected fromthe field locations will be transmitted to the State and Central server and can be used to monitor the functionality ( quantity, quality and regularity of water supply) at theState and Central level. This will ensure to minimise service delivery outage and water loss and monitor the quantity and quality on a long-term basis. The additional advantage of this data would be to analyse the demand pattern of the user groups over time and use this information for demand management at the aggregate level, minimise non-revenue water, ensure proper management and effective operation and maintenance of water supply systems in the villages.
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