16th Nov, 2020

Tristan Da Cunha declared the largest fully protected marine reserves in the Atlantic Ocean

Tristan da Cunha was declared the largest fully protected marine reserves in the Atlantic Ocean.

 Tristan da Cunha

  • It is also home to the world’s most remote human settlement. 
  • It is also an isolated UK Overseas Territory. 
  • It is a remote group of volcanic islands in the South Atlantic Ocean. 
  • It has its own constitution.
  • It is also home to tens of millions of seabirds and several unique land birds.
  • It is also home to the World Heritage Site of Gough and Inaccessible Islands, which is one of the most important seabird islands in the world.

After joining the UK’s Blue Belt Programme, it will become the largest no-take zone in the Atlantic and the fourth largest on the planet. 

This means fishing, mining and any such activities will not be allowed.

This will close over 90% of their waters to harmful activities such as bottom-trawling fishing, sand extraction and deep-sea mining.

Draft Rules notified Under the Code on Social Security, 2020

Union Ministry of Labour and Employment has notified the draft rules under the Code on Social Security, 2020.

The draft rules provide for Aadhaar based registration including self-registration by unorganised workers, gig workers and platform workers, Building and Other Construction Workers on the portal of the Central Government.

Provision has also been made in the rules regarding gratuity to an employee who is on fixed term employment.

The rules also provide for single electronic registration of an establishment including cancellation of the registration in case of closure of business activities.

Provision has also been made regarding manners and conditions for exiting an establishment from EPFO and ESIC coverage.

The procedure for self-assessment and payment of Cess in respect of building and other construction workers has been elaborated in the rules.

The rate of Interest for delayed payment of such cess has been reduced from 2% every month or part of a month to 1%.

Emergency Retrieval System (ERS) for Power Lines

An indigenous technology, Emergency Retrieval System (ERS), for quick retrieval of power transmission in the event of failure of transmission line towers was recently developed. .

Developed by: Structural Engineering Research Centre (SERC), constituent laboratory of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)


At present, the ERS systems are imported and the cost is relatively high.

This technological development will enable the manufacturing in India for the first time, which will be an import substitute. 

Also, it will cost about 40% of imported systems.

ERS is a lightweight modular system that is used as temporary support structure to restore power immediately after the collapse of transmission line towers during natural calamities such as cyclone/earthquake, or manmade disruptions.

It is made of structurally highly stable box sections. 

It is lightweight, modular and reusable.

It can also be assembled quickly at the disaster site for restoration of power in 2-3 days. 

New Chief Information Commissioner (CIC) appointed 

Yashvardhan Kumar Sinha was appointed as the Chief Information Commissioner (CIC) recently. 

Central Information Commission

The RTI Act 2005 provides for the constitution of a Central Information Commission and State Information Commissions in each state.

The CIC was constituted in 2005 under the Right to Information Act, 2005.

The jurisdiction of the Commission extends over all Central Public Authorities.

The Central Information Commission shall consist of:

  • The Chief Information Commissioner (CIC)
  • Such numbers of Central Information Commissioners (ICs), not exceeding ten, as may be deemed necessary


(1) The members shall be persons of eminence in public life with wide knowledge and experience in law, science and technology, social service, management, journalism, mass media or administration and Governance. 

The CIC or IC shall not be an MP or MLA or hold any other office of profit or connected with any political party or carrying on any business or pursuing any profession.

Appointment: The members of the commission are appointed by a committee consisting of the PM (as Chair), Leader of Opposition (LoP) in Lok Sabha and a Union Cabinet Minister appointed by the PM.

Resignation: The CIC or an IC may, at any time, by writing under his hand addressed to the President, resign from his office.

Removal: The CIC or an IC may be removed from office only by order of the President on the ground of proved misbehaviour or incapacity after the Supreme Court, on a reference made to it by the President, reports that he/she should be removed on the grounds mentioned.

The President may also remove them from office if such a person is adjudged insolvent, convicted for certain offences etc.

Leonid Meteor Shower

The Leonid meteor showers are currently making their yearly appearance in India. 

The Leonids emerge from the comet Temple-Tuttle. 

It takes 33 years to revolve once around the Sun.

These meteors are bright and among the fastest moving. 

The Leonids originate from the constellation Leo the Lion

Meteor shower

On its journey around the Sun, the Earth passes through large swathes of cosmic debris.

The debris is essentially the remnants of comets. 

As the Earth wades through this cloud of comet waste, the bits of debris create what appears from the ground to be a fireworks display in the sky — known as a meteor shower.