30th Nov, 2020

Protest Against Resettlement of Bru tribals

Recently, parts of north Tripura witnessed violent protests over the proposed resettlement of Bru tribals.

In January 2020, a quadrilateral agreement was signed by the Centre, the two state governments and Bru representatives to allow Brus to permanently settle in Tripura. 

The state has planned 12 resettlement spots across six districts with 300 families each in Tripura.

The Centre has announced a special development project with funding of Rs. 600 crore.

This agreement led to protests from Bengali and Mizo groups in Tripura. 

They claim that settling thousands of migrants permanently in North Tripura district of Kanchanpur would lead to demographic imbalance, exert pressure on local resources and potentially lead to law and order problems.

It was also alleged that Bengali and Mizo families from Jampui Hill range, who fled due to atrocities by Brus, were yet to be resettled two decades on.


  • Bru or Reang is a community indigenous to Northeast India.
  • It lives mostly in Tripura, Mizoram and Assam. 
  • In Tripura, they are recognised as a Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group.
  • In Mizoram, they have been targeted by groups that do not consider them indigenous to the state.
  • In 1997, following ethnic clashes, nearly 37,000 Brus fled Mizoram and were accommodated in relief camps in Tripura.
  • Since then, 5,000 have returned to Mizoram, while 32,000 still live in six relief camps in North Tripura.

Subdued Northeast Monsoon

Rainfall over the southern peninsular region of India has been deficient so far which indicates that the northeast monsoon has remained dull this year.

Reasons for deficient rainfall this Northeast monsoon

Prevailing La Niña conditions in the Pacific Ocean: La Niña conditions enhance the rainfall associated with the Southwest monsoon, but has a negative impact on rainfall associated with the Northeast monsoon.

Inter Tropical Convective Zone (ITCZ): The current position of the ITCZ has also contributed to the poor rainfall during the ongoing monsoon season. Currently, the ITCZ is located to the north of its normal position.

Northeast monsoon

The Northeast monsoon occurs during October to December. 

It is confined to the Southern peninsula. 

It is also called the winter monsoon.

Northeast monsoon is important for Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, Karaikal, Yanam, coastal Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, north interior Karnataka, Mahe and Lakshadweep.

Tamil Nadu records about 48% of its annual rainfall during these months, making it the key factor for undertaking agricultural activities.

Some South Asian countries such as Maldives, Sri Lanka and Myanmar, too, record rainfall during October to December.

La Niña

La Niña (Spanish for ‘little girl’) refers to the large-scale cooling of the ocean surface temperatures in the central and eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean, along with changes in the tropical atmospheric circulation.

It usually has the opposite impacts on weather and climate as El Niño, which is the warm phase of the so-called El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO).


The ITCZ is a low-pressure belt, whose northward and southward movements along the equator determine the precipitation in the tropics.

Sea Guardian Drones from US inducted by the Indian Navy

Recently, two American MQ9B Sea Guardian unarmed drones have been inducted by the Indian Navy.

The drones would be on lease with India for one year.

MQ9B Sea Guardian

  • It is the maritime variant of the Predator MQ9 Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV).
  • It has a maximum endurance of 40 hours and a maximum flying altitude of 40,000 feet.
  • It has a 3600 maritime surveillance radar and an optional multimode maritime surface search radar.
  • It can be used in operations such as Anti-Surface Warfare, Anti-Submarine Warfare, Humanitarian Assistance/Disaster Relief, Search and Rescue, Law Enforcement (Drug Trafficking, Illegal Immigration and Piracy), etc.

The drones are meant for carrying out surveillance in the Indian Ocean Region and can be deployed on the China border if asked for and if needed.

PRAGATI Meeting held

Recently, the Prime Minister (PM) has chaired the 33rd PRAGATI meeting.


PRAGATI is the multimodal platform for Pro-Active Governance and Timely Implementation involving central and state governments 

Launched in: 2015

Designed by: Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) team with the help of the National Informatics Center (NIC).

It enables the PM to discuss the issues with the concerned central and state officials with full information and latest visuals of the ground-level situation.

It is a three-tier system: PMO, Union Government Secretaries, and Chief Secretaries of the States.


(1) Grievance Redressal;

(2) Programme Implementation;

(3) Project Monitoring

The PRAGATI platform uses latest technologies such as Digital data management, video-conferencing and geo-spatial technology.


(1) It promotes cooperative federalism;

(2) It is a robust system for bringing e-transparency and e-accountability with real-time presence and exchange among the key stakeholders;

(3) It is an innovative project in e-governance and good governance.

Information Management And Analysis Centre (IMAC)

Information Management And Analysis Centre (IMAC) was recently in news with regard to 12th anniversary of the 26/11 attacks.

IMAC was established in November 2014.

It is based in Gurgaon, India.

It is jointly operated by the Navy and Coast Guard.

It is the nodal centre for maritime security information collation and dissemination.

It is the cornerstone of the National Command Control Communication and Intelligence Network for monitoring maritime traffic in India’s area of interest.

IMAC’s task is to facilitate exchange of maritime security information among various national stakeholders, and generate a common operational picture.

IMAC tracks only non-military or commercial ships, known as white shipping.

Military ships, or grey hull ships, are tracked by the Directorate of Naval Operations, as this is on a classified network.