CURRENT AFFAIRS


8th Oct, 2020

Production Linked Incentive Scheme (PLI) For Large Scale Electronics Manufacturing

16 eligible applicants under the PLI Scheme were approved recently.

Ministry: Ministry of Electronics and Information and Technology (MeitY) 

Production Linked Incentive Scheme (PLI) for Large Scale Electronics Manufacturing 

It was notified on 1st April, 2020.

It extends an incentive of 4% to 6% on incremental sales of goods under target segments that are manufactured in India to eligible companies, for a period of five years (base year- FY2019-20.

Over the next 5 years, the approved companies under the PLI Scheme are expected to lead to total production of more than INR 10.5 lakh crore.

The companies approved under the scheme are expected to promote exports significantly.

The companies approved under the scheme will bring additional investment in electronics manufacturing to the tune of INR 11,000 crore.


The National Clinical Management Protocol released

The National Clinical Management Protocol based on Ayurveda and Yoga for the management of Covid-19 was released.

Ministry:  Jointly by Ministry for Health and Ministry for AYUSH.

Prepared by: Experts and other national research organizations

According to: Report & Recommendations of the Interdisciplinary Committee

The protocol contains the details self-care guidelines for preventive health measures to help protect against COVID-19 pandemic.

Clinical studies have established some Ayurveda interventions like Ashwagandha, Laung & Giloy as anti-inflammatory, antiviral & immunity-modulating which help protect against COVID-19.

Measures: Drinking herb-infused warm water or turmeric milk, steam inhalation, gargling, moderate exercise and a set of medicines to be used for prophylaxis and treatment.


World Cotton Day observed

The 2nd World Cotton Day was observed on 7th October, 2020.

World Cotton Day was launched at the initiative of the Cotton-4 (Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad and Mali) by the World Trade hosted on 7th October 2019.

It was launched in collaboration with the secretariats of the UN, FAO, UNCTAD, the International Trade Centre (ITC) and the International Cotton Advisory Committee (ICAC).

Objective:

(1) To recognize the importance of cotton as a global commodity grown in over 75 countries across 5 continents;

(2) To highlight its central role in job creation and maintaining economic stability in several least-developed countries.

Cotton Four

Cotton is discussed at the WTO for:

(1) the trade reforms needed to address subsidies and high trade barriers for cotton;

(2) the assistance provided to the cotton sector in developing countries.

These various tracks of discussion have been developed over the years as a response to a series of proposals to address the cotton sector tabled by four African countries — Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad and Mali — known as the Cotton Four or C4.


Ratification of seven chemicals under Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) 

The Union Cabinet has approved the ratification of seven chemicals listed under Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs).

These are:

(1) Chlordecone;

(2) Hexabromobiphenyl;

(3) Hexabromodiphenyl ether and Heptabromodiphenylether;

(4) Tetrabromodiphenyl ether and Pentabromodiphenyl ether,

(5) Pentachlorobenzene;

(6) Hexabromocyclododecane;

(7) Hexachlorobutadiene.

The ratification process would enable India to access Global Environment Facility (GEF) financial resources in updating the National Implementation Plan (NIP).

Stockholm Convention

It is a global treaty to protect human health and environment from POPs. 

POPs are chemical substances that persist in the environment, bio-accumulate in living organisms and have the property of long-range environmental transport.

Exposure to POPs can lead to cancer, damage to nervous systems, diseases of immune system, reproductive disorders etc.

India had ratified the Stockholm Convention in 2006. 

The Ministry of Environment had notified the ‘Regulation of Persistent Organic Pollutants Rules

in 2018 under the provisions of Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.

Examples of persistent organic pollutants include:

(1) Aldrin;

(2) Chlordane;

(3) DDT;

(4) Dieldrin;

(5) Endrin;

(6) Heptachlor;

(7) Hexachlorobenzene;

(8) Mirex


SC gives judgement regarding Right to Protest

The Supreme Court has recently highlighted that occupying public places for protests is not acceptable and such a space cannot be occupied indefinitely.

Key highlights of the judgment

The verdict came after a plea was filed against the Anti-Citizenship Amendment Act protests which had led to blocking of a road in Shaheen Bagh in Delhi last December.

The judgment upheld the right to peaceful protest against a law 

It also made clear that public ways and public spaces cannot be occupied, especially indefinitely.

The rights to free speech and peaceful protest were “treasures” but also subject to reasonable restrictions imposed in the interests of sovereignty, integrity and public order. 

The right of the protester has to be balanced with the right of the commuter. They have to co-exist in mutual respect.

The bench also said that it was entirely the responsibility of the administration to prevent encroachments in public spaces.


Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2020 announced

Emmanuelle Charpentier of France and Jennifer Doudna of the U.S. won the Nobel Chemistry Prize for the gene-editing technique known as the CRISPR-Cas9 DNA snipping “scissors” tool.

It is the first time a Nobel science prize has gone to a women-only team.

Using the CRISPR-Cas9 DNA snipping “scissors” tool, researchers can change the DNA of animals, plants and microorganisms with extremely high precision.

The CRISPR-Cas9 tool has already contributed to significant gains in crop resilience, altering their genetic code to better withstand drought and pests.

The technology has also led to innovative cancer treatments.

Many experts hope it could one day make inherited diseases curable through gene manipulation.

CRISPR’s relative simplicity and widespread applicability has, however, triggered the imaginations of rogue practitioners. 

In 2018 in China, scientist He Jiankui caused an international scandal when he used CRISPR to create what he called the first gene-edited humans.


Kasturi Cotton: India’s premium Cotton

The 1st ever Brand & Logo for Indian Cotton was launched on 2nd World Cotton Day.

Launched by: Ministry of Textiles

Now India’s premium Cotton would be known as ‘Kasturi Cotton’ in the world cotton Trade.

The Kasturi Cotton brand will represent Whiteness, Brightness, Softness, Purity, Luster, Uniqueness and Indianness.

Cotton

Cotton is one of the principal commercial crops of India. 

It provides livelihood to about 6 million cotton farmers.

India is the 2nd largest cotton producer.

It is the largest consumer of cotton in the world.

A mobile app, “Cott-Ally” has been developed by Cotton Corporation of India (CCI) for providing latest news regarding weather condition, Crop situation and best farm practices.


 






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