6th Nov, 2020

Prasar Bharati to Launch 51 Education TV Channels

In a landmark step, India’s public broadcaster Prasar Bharati entered into a MoU with Bhaskaracharya National Institute for Space Applications and Geo-Informatics, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.

Under the MoU, 51 DTH education TV channels will be available as DD co-branded channels to all DD FreeDish viewers.

This move aims to bring quality educational programmes to every household, including those in rural and remote areas.

The services will be available free of cost for all the viewers, 24×7, in line with Government’s commitment towards skill development and providing quality education to the last person in the country.

Arbitration And Conciliation (Amendment) Ordinance, 2020 promulgated

Indian President promulgated the Arbitration and Conciliation (Amendment) Ordinance, 2020 to amend Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996 further.

The Ordinance aims to ensure that all the stakeholders get an opportunity to seek unconditional stay of enforcement of arbitral awards where the underlying arbitration agreement or contract is induced by fraud or corruption.

An addition has been made to Section 36 whereby if the Court is satisfied that a prima facie case is made out that the arbitration agreement or contract was induced or effected by fraud or corruption, it will stay the award unconditionally.

The ordinance also does away with the 8th Schedule of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996 which contained the necessary qualifications for accreditation of arbitrators.

Habeas Corpus

Bombay High Court heard Habeas Corpus plea of a senior journalist, who was arrested in a connection with abetment to suicide case by Police. 

The Indian Constitution empowers the Supreme Court to issue writs for enforcement of any of the fundamental rights conferred by Part III of Indian Constitution under Article 32. 

Thus the power to issue writs is primarily a provision made to make available the Right to Constitutional Remedies to every citizen.

There are five types of Writs: Habeas Corpus, Mandamus, Prohibition, Certiorari and Quo warranto.

Mandamus: A judicial writ issued as a command to an inferior court or ordering a person to perform a public or statutory duty.

Prohibition: A writ of prohibition is a writ directing a subordinate to stop doing something the law prohibits. This writ is often issued by a superior court to the lower court directing it not to proceed with a case which does not fall under its jurisdiction.

Certiorari: In law, certiorari is a court process to seek judicial review of a decision of a lower court or government agency.

Quo warranto: Quo warranto is a prerogative writ requiring the person to whom it is directed to show what authority they have for exercising some right, power, or franchise they claim to hold.

Habeas Corpus: It literally means “you may have the body.” The writ is issued to produce a person who has been detained, whether in prison or in private custody, before a court and to release him if such detention is found illegal.

In September, 2018, the Supreme Court reiterated that writ of habeas corpus can’t be filed for a person in police custody ordered by a Magistrate. 

The Supreme Court bench said that as the custody is awarded by the Magistrate, it cannot be considered unlawful detention.

Moto Tunnel

Recently, Pakistan’s Ministry of Climate Change opened the 129-year-old Moto Tunnel for tourists after its revival at the Ayubia National Park in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province.

It is 250-feet long, 6-feet high and 4-feet wide Moto Tunnel carved out of stones and clay.

It is part of the longer ‘nature pipeline walk’ in the Ayubia National Park.

Wilamaya Patjxa Female Hunter

A female teenager from 9,000 years ago has been identified as the oldest hunter burial found in the Americas. 

The finding has overturned the notion that hunting was exclusively a male domain while women only gathered.

An analysis of burial records indicates 30-50% hunters from a similar period were female.

About 9,000 years ago, hunter-gatherers buried a teenager with hunting tools in the Andes Mountains of South America. 

When researchers analyzed the remains, unearthed in 2018, they found that the hunter was a female, aged between 17 and 19 at her death.

During excavations at the high-altitude site Wilamaya Patjxa in Peru in 2018, archaeologists found five burial pits with six individuals.

The Wilamaya Patjxa female hunter has been identified as the earliest hunter burial found in the Americas.