India’s first Pan India time use survey was released.
Released by: Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.
Men: 57.3% of the people surveyed (7 hours 39 minutes)
Women: 18.4% (5 hours 33 minutes)
Unpaid domestic services
Men: 26.1% (1 hour 37 minutes)
Women: 81.2% (4 hours 59 minutes)
Unpaid volunteer work
A time use survey measures the amount of time people spend doing various activities, such as paid work, childcare, volunteering, and socialising.
Objective: To measure participation of men and women in paid and unpaid activities.
The “NSS Report- Time Use in India 2019” is the first such pan India survey which was conducted between January and December 2019.
Paid employment includes jobs, farming, fishing, mining amongst other economic activities
Narco Tests intrusion into a person’s mental privacy: SC
Supreme Court judgment of 2010: Involuntary administration of narco or lie detector tests is an intrusion into a person’s “mental privacy”.
The judgment is significant amid reports that the Uttar Pradesh government wants to subject the family members of a recent gang-rape vicitm to these tests.
The judgment: Smt. Selvi vs. State of Karnataka
Involuntary administration of these scientific tests was sufficient to constitute a custodial environment.
It amounted to a restraint on personal liberty.
The consequences of such tests can be devastating on people from weaker sections of society
who are unaware of their fundamental rights and unable to afford legal advice.
It may involve future abuse, harassment and surveillance, even leakage of the video material to the news channels for a trial by media.
Such tests are against human dignity and liberty, and have long-lasting negative effects.
An individual’s decision to make a statement is the product of a private choice and there should be no scope for any other individual to interfere with such autonomy.
Polygraph or Lie Detector Test measures and records several physiological indicators such as blood pressure, pulse, respiration, and skin conductivity while a person is asked a series of questions.
Narcoanalysis Test involves the injection of sodium pentothal which induces a hypnotic or sedated state in which the subject’s imagination is neutralized, and they are expected to divulge information that is true.
Mini App announced by Paytm
Recently, Paytm has announced the launch of its mini app store.
Objective: To support Indian developers in taking their products to the masses.
The mini apps are custom-built mobile websites that give users app-like experience without having to download them.
Crime in India 2019 Report released by NCRB
Recently, Crime in India 2019 report was released.
Released by: The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB)
There is an increase in crimes against Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) in 2019 as compared to 2018.
Crime against SCs: Increased by over 7%
Crimes against STs: Increased by 26%
Highest number of crimes against SCs:
(1) Uttar Pradesh;
Highest number of cases against STs:
(1) Madhya Pradesh;
Registration of cognizable crimes: Increase of 1.6%
Crimes against Women: Increase of 7.3%
Cybercrimes: Increased by 63.5%
Cognizable crimes comprise Indian Penal Code (IPC) ones and Special and Local Laws (SLL) crimes.
Cognizable offence means an offence in which a police officer has the authority to make an arrest without a warrant.
SLL are Acts that are framed by the state government for specific issues.
National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB)
Headquarter: New Delhi
Ministry: Ministry of Home Affairs
Objective: To function as a repository of information on crime and criminals so as to assist the investigators in linking crime to the perpetrators.
It was set up based on the recommendations of the National Police Commission (1977-1981) and the MHA’s Task Force (1985).
Zombie Fire becoming more frequent
According to a new study, the fire regimes in the Arctic are changing rapidly, with zombie fires becoming more frequent
Fires occurring in the once-frozen tundra are also becoming frequent.
The fires in the Arctic spreading to areas which were formerly fire-resistant is a more worrying feature.
The reason for this anomaly is that temperatures in winter and spring were warmer than usual during 2019-20.
The fires and record temperatures have the potential of turning the carbon sink into a carbon source and increasing global warming.
Peatlands do not regrow quickly after a fire, so the carbon released is permanently lost to the atmosphere.
As peatlands release more carbon, global warming will increase which will thaw more peat and cause more wildfires.
Arctic fires will affect the global climate over the long term.
Peatlands are wetlands that contain ancient, decomposed and partially decomposed organic matter.
Nearly half the world’s peatland-stored carbon lies between 60 and 70 degrees north, along the Arctic Circle.
Zombie Fire is a fire from a previous growing season that can burn slowly without smoke under the ground which is made up of carbon-rich peat.
When the weather warms, the fire can reignite.
These are also known as holdover fires.
World Habitat Day
World Habitat Day 2020 was observed on 5 October, 2020
Theme: Housing For All — A Better Urban Future
(1)To reflect on the state of our towns and cities and the basic right of all to adequate shelter; (2) To remind the world of its collective responsibility for the future of the human habitat.
The Habitat Scroll of Honour award
Launched by: United Nations Human Settlements Programme in 1989.
It is currently the most prestigious human settlements award in the world.
Aim: To acknowledge initiatives which have made outstanding contributions in various fields such as shelter provision, highlighting the plight of the homeless and improving the human settlements and the quality of urban life.
The award is presented to the winners during the Global Observance of World Habitat Day.