7th Oct, 2020

MoU for Education for Deaf Children signed

A historic MoU was recently signed between Indian Sign Language Research and Training Center (ISLRTC) and NCERT to make education materials accessible for Deaf children in their preferred format of communication.

As part of this MoU, educational print materials including NCERT Textbooks, Teachers Handbook and other Supplementary materials and resources will be converted into Indian Sign Language in Digital format.

Class covered: Class I-XII 

Subjects: All 

Language: Both Hindi and English Medium

Availability of NCERT textbooks in Indian Sign Language will ensure that Deaf children can also now access educational resources.

This will also ensure educational standardization of Indian Sign Language as mandated in the New Education Policy, 2020.

The Indian Sign Language Research and Training Center (ISLRTC), Delhi is a Society under the

Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities, the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.

Flight test of supersonic missile-assisted torpedo release conducted successfully

A successful flight test of the Supersonic Missile Assisted Release of Torpedo (SMART) system was conducted from Wheeler Island, off the coast of Odisha recently.

Conducted by: Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)

Developed by: Several laboratories of DRDO

The system will be a game changer in anti-submarine warfare.

The development of the system has been crucial in capacity building of naval platforms to strike beyond the torpedo range. 

The system will be a significant addition to India’s anti-submarine warfare capabilities.

SMART is a missile-assisted release of lightweight anti-submarine torpedo system for anti-submarine warfare (ASW) operations far beyond torpedo range.

A modern torpedo is an underwater ranged weapon launched above or below the water surface, self-propelled towards a target, and with an explosive warhead designed to detonate either on contact with or in proximity to the large.

New Director General of Bureau Of Civil Aviation Security (BCAS) appointed

IPS officer M.A. Ganapathy was recently appointed as the new Director General of the Bureau of Civil Aviation Security (BCAS) 

Appointed by: The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet 

BCAS is the security watchdog for the aviation sector.

The Bureau of Civil Aviation Security 

It was initially set up as a Cell in the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) in 1978 

Recommendation by: Pande Committee constituted in the  wake of the hijacking  of the Indian Airlines  flight in 1976.

It was reorganized into an independent department in 1987.

Ministry: Ministry of Civil Aviation 

BCAS is the regulatory authority for civil aviation security in India.

Main responsibility: Lay down standards and measures in respect of security of Civil flights at International and domestic  airports in India.

It is headed by an officer of the rank of Director General of Police and is designated as Director

General (Bureau of Civil Aviation).

Headquarter: New Delhi.

India and Myanmar to work towards the operationalization of the Sittwe Port

India and Myanmar have agreed to work towards the operationalization of the Sittwe port in the Rakhine state in the first quarter of 2021.

It was announced after the conclusion of the two-day visit of Indian Army Chief and Indian Foreign Secretary to Myanmar. 

The progress in the ongoing Indian-assisted infrastructure projects was also discussed.

India also announced a grant of $2 million Dollars for the construction of the border haat bridge at Byanyu/Sarsichauk in Chin State. 

The haat will provide increased economic connectivity between Mizoram and Myanmar.

Sittwe port 

It is situated at the mouth of the Kaladan River.

It is being financed by India as a part of the Kaladan Multi-Modal Transit Transport Project.

The Project is collaboration between India and Myanmar.

Aim of the project: To develop transport infrastructure in southwestern Myanmar and north-eastern India.

Nobel Prize For Medicine Or Physiology 2020 announced

Americans Harvey J Alter and Charles M Rice, and British scientist Michael Houghton were chosen for the Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology for the discovery of the Hepatitis C virus.

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) 

It is a small (55–65 nm in size), enveloped, positive-sense single-stranded RNA virus

Family: Flaviviridae. 

It is the cause of hepatitis C and some cancers such as liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma, abbreviated HCC) and lymphomas in humans.

Unlike hepatitis A and B, there is currently no vaccine to prevent hepatitis C infection

The World Health Organisation estimates there are over 70 million cases of hepatitis worldwide and 400,000 deaths each year. The disease is chronic and a major cause of liver inflammation and cancer.

Nobel Prize In Physics 2020 announced

Nobel Prize in Physics 2020 has been awarded, with one half to Roger Penrose and the other half jointly to Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez for their discoveries about Black hole.

Roger Penrose used ingenious mathematical methods in his proof that black holes are a direct consequence of Albert Einstein’s general theory of relativity.

Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez each lead a group of astronomers that, since the early 1990s, has focused on a region called Sagittarius A* at the centre of our galaxy.

Their pioneering work has given the humankind the most convincing evidence yet of a supermassive black hole at the centre of the Milky Way.

Black Hole

It is a region of spacetime where gravity is so strong that nothing — no particles or even electromagnetic radiation such as light — can escape from it. 

The theory of general relativity predicts that a sufficiently compact mass can deform spacetime to form a black hole.