2nd Nov, 2020

Mansar Lake Development Plan inaugurated 

In a move to increase tourism, the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region, inaugurated the Mansar Lake Development Plan in Jammu and Kashmir.

The project is eyed to attract almost 20 lakh tourists every year. 

It shall increase employment opportunities also. 

Mansar Lake is situated 62 km from Jammu. 

It is a lake having a natural border of forest-covered hills. 

Surinsar-Mansar Lakes were designated as Ramsar Convention in November 2005.

Mansar is of immense importance from Pilgrimage as well Heritage point of view 

Discrepancies pointed out in Central Vista Redevelopment Project

Central Vista Redevelopment project was in news recently when a Senior Advocate argued about the discrepancies in its process in a Supreme Court hearing.

The Central Vista 

It is a 3 km stretch in the heart of New Delhi that runs from the Rashtrapati Bhavan to India Gate. 

It is flanked by large green spaces and significant structures such as Parliament, the Secretariat buildings and the National Archives.

The Central government is redeveloping the three-km-long Central Vista and Parliament. 

A common Central secretariat will be constructed for all ministries that are currently spread over many buildings across Delhi.

The new Parliament has to be ready by March 2022. 

The revamped Central Vista, complete with public amenities and parking, has to be ready by November 2021 and the new common Central secretariat by March 2024.

The Parliament House and North and South Blocks will not be demolished, but their usage may change. 

The rest of the buildings that came up post-1947, including Shastri Bhavan and Krishi Bhavan, are likely to be demolished.

Haryana’s RERA puts cap on Commission in a first of its kind 

In a first of its kind order, Haryana’s RERA has put a cap on the commission being charged by the brokers while facilitating a land deal. 

Now, no real estate agent in Haryana can charge more than 0.5% commission each from the buyer and the seller per deal.

Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act 

It took effect in May 2016 to regulate and promote the real estate sector.

Objective: It aims to bring about transparency and efficiency in an opaque Industry. 

It has a mandate to protect consumer interest, including establishing a speedy redressal system.

The Act is applicable all over India, except J&K. 

It applies to all under-construction projects with a plot size above 500 sq. m or projects with 8 apartments or more. 

Each state has to set up its own regulator, keeping the central law as the framework. 

Real estate agents must be registered with the authority before executing any transaction. 

Developers cannot advertise, market, book, sell or invite persons to purchase a plot, apartment or building without registering the project with the regulator. 

The project can be cancelled if rules are not regularly followed. 

Developers are accountable for after-sale services. 

The developer is liable to rectify structural damages for five years.

After implementation of RERA, the number of new launches has come down because there is greater pressure on developers to be transparent about the use of money.

Asteroid 16 Psyche

A recent study has found that asteroid 16 Psyche, which orbits between Mars and Jupiter, could be made entirely of metal. 

It is worth an estimated $10,000 quadrillion — more than the entire economy of Earth.

New images from NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope offer a closer view of the asteroid 16 Psyche, whose surface may mostly comprise iron and nickel, similar to the Earth’s core.

Scientists believe that the asteroid may be the leftover core of an earlier planet that lost its crust and mantle after multiple collisions during the creation of our solar system.

The exact composition and origins of the asteroid will be uncovered in 2022, when NASA sends an unmanned spacecraft to study it up close.

It is located around 370 million km away from Earth. 

It is one of the most massive objects in the asteroid belt in our solar system.

The somewhat potato-shaped asteroid has a diameter of around 140 miles, 

It was first discovered on March 17, 1853, by the Italian astronomer Annibale de Gasparis and was named after the ancient Greek goddess of the soul, Psyche.

Water Aerodrome and Sea-Plane service inaugurated 

The Indian Prime Minister inaugurated Water Aerodrome at Kevadia and the Sea-plane Service connecting Statue of Unity in Kevadia with Sabarmati Riverfront in Ahmedabad.

He also inaugurated Water Aerodrome in Sabarmati Riverfront and the SeaPlane Service from Sabarmati Riverfront to Kevadia.

These are part of a series of Water Aerodromes being planned to bring the last mile connectivity.

Seaplanes have the ability to land and take-off from water thus offering access to areas that do not have landing strips or runways.

Thus it can help in connecting the geographies/regions that have challenges owing to its topography and bring the remotest parts of India into the mainstream aviation network without the high cost of building airports and runways.

These smaller fixed wing airplanes can land on water bodies like lakes, backwaters and dams, gravel and grass, thus offering easy access to numerous tourist spots as well.

Tectonically Active Zone of Himalayas

Recently, a group of scientists from the Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology (WIHG), Dehradun have found that the Indus-Tsangpo Suture Zone (ITSZ) of Himalaya is tectonically active.

The suture zone of Himalaya was conventionally thought to be locked.

Sedimentary beds were found to be tilted and thrust broken.

Rivers were associated with uplifted terraces.

Bedrock shows brittle deformation at much shallower depths.

These deformed geological features were dated using the technique of Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL). 

Data of seismicity and denudation rate was also reviewed.

The region of the ITSZ has been neo-tectonically active since the last 78000-58000 years.

The finding will have major implications in terms of earthquake study, prediction, understanding the seismic structure of the mountain chains well as its evolution.

Tectonics is the scientific study of the deformation of the rocks that make up the Earth’s crust and the forces that produce such deformation.

It deals with the folding and faulting of mountain building, gradual upward and downward movements of the crust. 

The ITSZ is a suture zone in the Ladakh region. 

It marks the limit of the Indian plate where it collides with the Eurasian plate and is subducted below the latter.

Optically-Stimulated Luminescence: It is a late quaternary (geological time period that encompasses the most recent 2.6 million years) dating technique used to date the last time quartz sediment was exposed to light.

Seismicity: It refers to the measure of the frequency of earthquakes in a region.

Denudation: It is a long term process in which the wearing and tearing of the surface of the Earth take place. 

Single Male Parent eligible for child care leave 

Male Government employees who are single parents will now be eligible for child care leave.

Single male parents, includes unmarried employees, widowers and divorcees, who may be expected to take up the responsibility of caring for a child single-handedly.

Child care leave can be granted at 100% of leave salary for the first 365 days and 80% of leave salary for the next 365 days.

In case of a disabled child, the condition of availing child care leave up to the age of 22 years of the child has been removed. 

Now, child care leave can be availed by a government servant for a disabled child of any age.

Child Care Leave is treated as earned leave. 

It is generally granted to women employees.

Women employees having minor children (children upto 18 years of age) may be granted child care leave for a maximum period of two years (i.e. 730 days) during their entire service for taking

care of up to two minor children

The child care leave is granted either for rearing children or to look after any of the needs of children like examination, sickness etc.


Super Typhoon Goni

Recently, Super Typhoon Goni hit the Philippines with authorities warning of “catastrophic” conditions in the region expected to receive the hardest hit. 

Nearly a million people have been evacuated.

The strongest typhoon of the year so far made landfall on Catanduanes Island. 

A week before, Typhoon Molave had hit the same region. 

Super Typhoon

Since 2009 the Hong Kong Observatory has divided typhoons into three different classifications: typhoon, severe typhoon and super typhoon.

A typhoon has wind speed of 64–79 knots (73–91 mph; 118–149 km/h), a severe typhoon has winds of at least 80 knots (92 mph; 150 km/h), and a super typhoon has winds of at least 100 knots (120 mph; 190 km/h).