3rd Nov, 2020

Indian Naval Ship Airavat enters Port Sudan under Mission Sagar – II

As part of ‘Mission Sagar-II’, Indian Naval Ship Airavat recently entered Port Sudan. 

The Government of India is providing assistance to Friendly Foreign Countries to overcome natural calamities and COVID-19 pandemic. 

INS Airavat is carrying a consignment of 100 Tonnes of food aid for the people of Sudan for the same purpose.

Mission Sagar-II follows the first ‘Mission Sagar’ undertaken in May-June 2020, wherein India reached out to Maldives, Mauritius, Seychelles, Madagascar and Comoros, and provided food aid and medicines.

As part of Mission Sagar-II, Indian Naval Ship Airavat will deliver food aid to Sudan, South Sudan, Djibouti and Eritrea.

First attempt at defining Platform Work outside traditional employment category

The Code on Social Security, 2020, for the first time in Indian law, attempted to define ‘platform work’ outside the traditional employment category.

Platform work means a work arrangement outside a traditional employer-employee relationship. 

Organizations or individuals use an online platform to access other organisations or individuals for specific problems or services. 

These activities may be notified by the Central Government, in exchange for payment.


(1) It promises workers flexibility and ownership over work delivery;

(2) Employment Intensive Sector;

(3) Potential Sector for growth due to fast pace of Urbanization;

(4) Development of rural areas due to remittances sent by platform workers.

Code on Social Security, 2020 

This will replace nine social security laws such as Maternity Benefit Act, Employees’ Provident Fund Act, Employees’ Pension Scheme, Employees’ Compensation Act, 

It universalizes social security coverage to those working in the unorganised sector. 

Provisions of social security will also be extended to agricultural workers also for the first time.

It reduces the time limit for receiving gratuity payment from five years to one year for all kinds of employees. 

Traces of Dairy Production found in Indus Valley Civilisation

Recently, a study by Indian and Canadian archaeologists has found that dairy products were being produced by the Harappans as far back as 2500 BCE.

The finding reveals the earliest evidence of dairy production.

The results are based on molecular chemical analysis of residue of pottery found at Kotada Bhadli, in Gujarat.

The researchers were able to identify that cattles were used for dairy through a process called stable isotope analysis.

Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) 

It is also known as Harappan Civilization.

It marks the beginning of Indian history. 

It flourished around 2,500 BC, in the western part of South Asia, in contemporary Pakistan and Western India.

In the 1920s, the Archaeological Department of India carried out excavations in the Indus valley wherein the ruins of the two old cities, viz. Mohenjodaro and Harappa were unearthed.

In 1924, John Marshall, Director-General of the ASI, announced the discovery of a new civilization in the Indus valley to the world.

National Cybercrime Reporting Portal

The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has written to all States to examine and register FIRs based on the complaints received on National Cybercrime Reporting Portal.

As per Ministry of Home Affairs, only 2.5% of total complaints registered on the portal are converted into FIRs.

Through the portal, the Government seeks to promote Cyber Crime Volunteers for identifying, reporting and removal of illegal/unlawful online content.

According to the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), the number of registered cybercrimes increased by 63.5% in the year 2019 compared to 2018.

National Cyber Crime Reporting Portal

It is a citizen-centric initiative enabling citizens to report cybercrimes online.

It was launched in 2019. 

The portal specifically focuses on crimes against women, children, child pornography, online content pertaining to rapes/gang rapes, etc.

It also focuses on crimes like stalking, cyber bullying, etc.

It will improve the capacity of law enforcement agencies. 

Budapest Convention

The Council of Europe’s (CoE) Cybercrime Convention, also known as the Budapest Convention is the sole legally binding international multilateral treaty on cybercrime. 

It coordinates cybercrime investigations between nation-states and criminalizes certain cybercrime conduct.

India is not a party to it.

Funds meant for Pre-Matric Scholarship Scheme siphoned off

A recent investigation has found that the money meant for poor students under the Pre-Matric Scholarship Scheme in Jharkhand has been siphoned off and is not reaching the students.

Pre-Matric Scholarship Scheme

It is a centrally funded scholarship scheme for students in all states. 

It opens every year and has to be applied between August and November.

Aim: To help students of minority communities – Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Parsis, Jains and Buddhists having annual income below Rs. 1 lakh.

Eligibility: Students need to score at least 50% in their class exams.

It is given in two tiers every year:

(1) Students in class 1 to 5: Rs. 1,000 per year;

(2) Students of class 6 to 10: Rs. 10,700 if a hosteller or Rs 5,700 if a day scholar.

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE)

It is a disease that causes severe damage to the brain because of repeated head injuries and is linked to memory loss, depression and dementia.

Former boxers are most commonly diagnosed with it. 

However, there have been instances of CTE in many other contact sports like pro wrestling, mixed martial arts, ice hockey, rugby, baseball, Australian rules football and football. 

Dementia is a general term for loss of memory, language, problem-solving and other thinking abilities that are severe enough to interfere with daily life. 

Alzheimer’s is the most common cause of dementia.