17th Dec, 2020

Development Projects In Kutch Region

Indian Prime Minister laid foundation stones for several development projects in Gujarat recently.

Hybrid Renewable Energy Park

Hybrid Renewable Energy Park is world’s biggest Renewable Energy Park, being set up close to Indo Pak border, near Khavda village in Kutch district.

It will produce 30 Giga watt solar and wind energy on a vast expanse of waste land.

Desalination plant

A desalination plant shall also be coming up in Kutch district. 

This plant aims to convert sea water for potable purposes for a population 8 lakh of 300 villages.

It assumes great importance for Kutch peninsula which is perennial rain-deficit area with no other source of water.

Fully automated milk processing of Sarhad dairy

130 crore rupees worth milk processing plant of Sarhad dairy, an apex dairy cooperative entity was also inaugurated virtually.

This massive 2 lakh litre per day milk processing and packaging facility will come up under Rashtriya Kisan Vikas Yojna.

2020 State Of The Education Report For India: Vocational Education First

The ‘State of the Education Report for India 2020: Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET), was launched virtually by UNESCO New Delhi recently. 

The second edition of the State of Education Report focuses on technical and vocational education and training (TVET).

India has made considerable progress towards its goal of creating a skilled workforce of 110 million people by 2022, as stated in the National Policy of Skill Development and

Entrepreneurship (NPSDE), released in 2015. 

It is presently training 10 million youth annually.

The Report outlines a set of ten recommendations that should be adopted to help achieve the stated vision for TVET in the country.

The ten recommendations:

Place learners and their aspirations at the centre of vocational education and training programmes

Create an appropriate ecosystem for teachers, trainers and assessors

Focus on upskilling, re-skilling and lifelong learning

Ensure inclusive access to TVET for women, differently abled and disadvantaged learners

Massively expand the digitalization of vocational education and training

Support local communities to generate livelihoods by engaging in the preservation of tangible and intangible cultural heritage

Align better with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

Deploy innovative models of financing TVET

Expand evidence-based research for better planning and monitoring

Establish a robust coordinating mechanism for inter-ministerial cooperation

12th GRIHA (Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment) Summit

The Vice President of India recently inaugurated the 12th GRIHA (Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment) Summit.

Organised by: GRIHA Council from Hyderabad.

Theme: Rejuvenating Resilient Habitats.

Purpose: To serve as a platform to deliberate on innovative technologies and solutions which shall help in creating robust mechanisms for developing sustainable and resilient solutions for the benefit of the entire community.

The Vice President also launched the SHASHWAT magazine and the book ’30 Stories Beyond Buildings’ during the event

According to the World Green Building Council data, buildings and construction account for 39% of energy-related CO2 emissions in the world.

India called for accelerating the process of total de-carbonization of the built environment.

It was also opined that roof cooling should be an area of priority for all.

In India, over 60% of roofs are made from metal, asbestos, and concrete – thus trapping heat inside buildings and contributing to heat island effect in urban areas.

Cool roofs can lower indoor temperatures by 2 to 4 degrees Celsius as compared to traditional roofs.

It was also observed that the implementation of Bureau of Energy Efficiency’s Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) has not been uniform across India.

The states of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh were appreciated for taking a lead in this regard.

Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA)

It is the national rating system of India for any completed building construction.

GRIHA is recognised as India’s own green building rating system in India’s Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

Created By: It was conceived by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) and developed jointly with the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.

GRIHA Council has developed the Building Fitness Indicator (BFI) tool – a free-to-use self-assessment tool that allows organizations to measure the preparedness of workplaces to prevent exposure to COVID-19.

Recognition Scheme for Hygiene Rating Audit Agencies

Quality Council of India (QCI) at the behest of the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has come out with a Scheme for approval of Hygiene Rating Audit Agencies to scale up Hygiene Rating by increasing the number of recognised Hygiene Rating Audit Agencies in the country.

FSSAI’s initiative of ‘Food Hygiene Rating Scheme’ is a certification system for food businesses supplying food directly to consumers, either on or off premise.

The food establishments are rated based on food hygiene and safety conditions observed at the time of audit.

The hygiene rating will be in the form of smileys (1 up to 5) and the certificate should be displayed prominently in the consumer facing area.

Aim: To allow consumers to make informed choices pertaining to the food outlets where they eat by encouraging food businesses to improve their hygiene and safety standards.

The recognised Hygiene Rating Audit Agency will verify the compliance with food hygiene and safety procedures laid by FSSAI.

Quality Council of India (QCI)

Set up: 1997 

Established jointly by: The Government of India and the Indian Industry represented by the three premier industry associations i.e. Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM), Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) and Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI)

Ministry: The Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion, Ministry of Commerce & Industry.

Objective: To establish and operate national accreditation structure and promote quality through National Quality Campaign. 

USA imposes sanctions on Turkey over S-400 Air Defence Missile System

The United States has imposed sanctions on Turkey on Monday over its acquisition of Russian S-400 air defence systems.

The S-400 Triumf is a mobile, surface-to-air missile system (SAM) designed by Russia.

It is the most dangerous operationally deployed modern long-range SAM (MLR SAM) in the world, considered much ahead of the US-developed Terminal High Altitude Area Defense system (THAAD).

The system can engage all types of aerial targets including aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicles – UAV, ballistic and cruise missiles – within the range of 400km, at an altitude of up to 30km. 

The system can track 100 airborne targets and engage six of them simultaneously.

The defence system integrates multifunction radar, autonomous detection and targeting systems, anti-aircraft missile systems, launchers, and command and control centre.

It is capable of firing three types of missiles to create a layered defence.

India ranks 131 in 2020 UN Human Development Index 

Human Development Index was released recently.

Released by: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

India dropped to 131st spot among 189 countries 

India’s HDI value for 2019 is 0.645 which put it in the medium human development category.

India had ranked 130 in 2018 in the index.

Life expectancy of Indians at birth in 2019 was 69.7 years.

Bangladesh has a life expectancy of 72.6 years and Pakistan 67.3 years.

India, Bhutan (129), Bangladesh (133), Nepal (142), and Pakistan (154) were ranked among countries with medium human development.

Top countries: 

Norway (1),

Ireland (2),

 Switzerland (3),

Hong Kong (4) and

Iceland (5)

According to the report, India’s gross national income per capita fell to $6,681 in 2019 from $6,829 in 2018 on purchasing power parity (PPP) basis.

Indigenous children in Cambodia, India and Thailand show more malnutrition-related issues such as stunting and wasting.

Human Development Index is the measure of a nation’s health, education, and standards of living

Purchasing power parity or PPP is a measurement of prices in different countries that uses the prices of specific goods to compare the absolute purchasing power of the countries’ currencies.


‘Himgiri’ is the first of the three Project 17A ships being built at M/s Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Limited (GRSE), Kolkata.

It was launched on 14 December 2020.

Under the Project 17A program, a total of seven ships are being built with enhanced stealth features, advanced indigenous weapon and sensor fit along with several other improvements.

P17A ships are the first gas turbine propulsion and largest combat platforms ever built at GRSE.

Vijay Diwas

India celebrated Vijay Diwas recently (December 16) to mark victory of 1971 Bangladesh liberation war.

In December 1971, the Indian Armed Forces secured a decisive and historic Victory over Pakistan Army, which led to creation of a Nation- Bangladesh and also resulted in the largest Military Surrender after the World War-II.