15th Sep, 2020


Delhi Master Plan 2041

Recently, the Delhi Development Authority (DDA) has decided to hold public consultations for the preparation of the Master Plan for Delhi 2041.

It is a vision document for Delhi’s development.

Focus: Sustainability, inclusivity and equity, blue-green infrastructure, cycling infrastructure, walking circuits for pedestrians, removal of all sources of pollution and unauthorised colonies 

Objective: To be proactive and forward-looking 

Features: Spaces for yoga, active sports, open air exhibitions, museums and information centres, and other low impact public uses.

It will fulfil various provisions of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) like:

(1) SDG 6 – Clean water and sanitation;

(2) SDG 11 – Sustainable cities and communities;

(3) SDG 14 – Life below water;

(4) SDG 15 – Life on land.


Administration of Assam Rifles

Recently, the Delhi High Court has directed the Centre to take a decision on the issue of bringing Assam Rifles out of the dual control of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) and the Ministry of Defence (MoD).

The administrative control of the Assam Rifles is with the MHA. 

Its operational control rests with the MoD.

This duality of control leads to problems of coordination.


High Court’s Direction

The issue has been pending for nearly three years.

The Centre should resolve it within 12 weeks with cooperation from all the stakeholders.

The matter involves servicemen/ex-servicemen and others whose interests are paramount as proclaimed from various platforms of the Government


Assam Rifles

Assam Rifles is a Central Paramilitary Force under the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF).

It came into being in 1835, as a militia called the ‘Cachar Levy’.

Initial Objective: To primarily protect British Tea estates and their settlements against tribal raids.

In November 2019, MHA proposed to merge it with the Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP).

ITBP is a specialized mountain force, raised in October 1962.

It is deployed on border guarding duties from Karakoram Pass in Ladakh to Jachep La in Arunachal Pradesh covering 3,488 km of Indo-China Border.


Gap in Vaccination of Children reported

 ‘Health in India’ report was recently published.

Published by: National Statistical Organisation (NSO)

Major finding: Full immunisation programme is not completed among 40% of the children.

The report is based on the 75th round of the National Sample Survey (July 2017-June 2018) on household social consumption related to health.

Report about children under five years:

Fully immunised: 59.2% 

Received at least one vaccination (mostly BCG or the first dose of OPV at birth): About 97% 

Protected against measles: 67% 

Polio booster dose: 58% 

DPT booster dose: 54% 

Best Performance under full immunisation: Manipur (75%), Andhra Pradesh (73.6%) and Mizoram (73.4%) 

Poor Performance: Nagaland (12%), Puducherry (34%) and Tripura (39.6%).


Bamboo Clusters launched

Recently, 22 bamboo clusters in 9 states were virtually inaugurated 

States covered: Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Assam, Nagaland, Tripura, Uttarakhand and Karnataka.

Ministry: Union Ministry for Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare

A logo for the National Bamboo Mission (NBM) has also been released.

Government’s Efforts

India is the world’s second-largest cultivator of bamboo after China, with 136 species and 23 genera spread over 13.96 million hectares, according to the State of Environment report 2018. 

The National Bamboo Mission, under the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare, has been initiated to provide a boost to livelihood and environmental acreage. 

Additionally, in 2017, Parliament ‘declassified’ bamboo as ‘a tree’ on non-forest lands.

Similarly, a scheme called SFURTI (Scheme of Fund for Regeneration of Traditional Industries) is being implemented by the Ministry of Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSME) in order to boost traditional industries and bamboo artisans.

Amendment has been brought about in the 100 year old Indian Forest Act brought about by the Central government in 2017, as a result of which, home grown bamboo has been exempted from it in order to enhance livelihood opportunities through bamboo.

Bamboo Technology Parks were also set up in Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh.


Hybrid Data Warfare by China

The Chinese company Zhenhua Data Information Technology Co. Limited is monitoring over 10,000 Indian individuals and organisations in its global database of foreign targets.

Zhenhua monitors the digital footprint of its targets using Artificial Intelligence tools across social media platforms, maintains an information library.

The library includes content from news sources, forums, papers, patents, bidding documents and positions of recruitment.

Targets: Individuals and institutions in politics, government, judiciary, art and sports, business, technology, media, and civil society.

The Company counts the Chinese government, intelligentsia and military among its clients.

However, the Chinese government has denied this.

Threat: This information can be used for strategic and intelligence services of China for hybrid warfare.

Hybrid Warfare

It refers to using non-military tools to achieve dominance or damage, subvert or influence. 

These tools include information pollution, perception management and propaganda.

Hybrid warfare was used in the 2006 Israel-Lebanon War by the Hezbollah group.

It was also used by Russia against Ukraine in the 2014 annexation of Crimea


India & China agree on Five Point Plan

Recently, India and China have agreed on a five points plan to disengage troops and reduce tensions along the Line of Actual Control (LAC).

Indian and Chinese troops have been engaged in a four and a half month long stand-off.

The talks were held on the margins of a Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) meeting in Russia.


Five Point Plan

Both sides should take guidance from Wuhan and Mahabalipuram summits on developing India-China relations. Differences should not be allowed to become disputes.

Border troops should continue their dialogue, quickly disengage, maintain proper distance and ease tensions.

The two sides shall abide by all the existing agreements and protocols on China-India boundary affairs and avoid any action that could escalate matters.

Continuing communications through the Special Representatives mechanism, and meetings of the

Working Mechanism for Consultation and Coordination (WMCC) on border affairs.

Working to conclude new confidence-building measures.

The Special Representatives (SRs) on the Boundary Question was established in 2003. 

It provided important guidance for ensuring peace and tranquility in border areas in a challenging situation.

WMCC was established in 2012.


Typhoon Maysak and Typhoon Haishen

Recently, Korean Peninsula and Japan were hit by two typhoons named Maysak and Haishen.

The Maysak typhoon takes its name from a Cambodian word for a type of tree.

While, Haishen means Sea God in Chinese.


Background of Naming

In Japan, the first typhoon to occur after January 1st of the year is called typhoon number 1.

In the USA, hurricanes are referred to by English names.

The intergovernmental organisation called the Typhoon Committee which has 14 members including Japan, USA and China uses Asian names for typhoons that are contributed by the member countries.

Haishen was a name recommended by China, while Maysak is a Combodian name.


Shikshak Parv

Shikshak Parv is being celebrated from 8th-25th September 2020 to felicitate the teachers and to take New Education Policy (NEP) 2020 forward.

Under the initiative, the Ministry of Education is organizing a series of webinars on NEP and its implementation.

Teachers’ Day is celebrated on 5th September every year throughout India in memory of Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan’s birth anniversary.