18th Nov, 2020

Arunachal Pradesh records the best sex ratio

The three north-eastern states top the 2018 report on “Vital statistics of India based on the Civil Registration System (CRS)”.

Prepared by: The Registrar General & Census Commissioner of India

Arunachal Pradesh has recently recorded the best sex ratio in India with 1,084 females born per 1000 males.

It is followed by Nagaland at 965 females and Mizoram at 964.

The sex ratio is the number of females per 1000 males. 

It is an important indicator to map the gender gap of a population.

Lowest sex ratio has been reported by Manipur (757), Lakshadweep (839) and Daman & Diu (877), followed by Punjab (896). 

Other North-Eastern states: Assam- 904, Meghalaya – 942 and Tripura – 945.

Reciprocal Access Agreement (RAA) signed between Japan and Australia 

Japan and Australia have signed a landmark defence deal in a bid to counter China’s growing influence in the South China Sea and over the Pacific island nations.

 Reciprocal Access Agreement (RAA) comes weeks after foreign ministers of the Quad alliance, which includes the US and India, met in Tokyo.

The pact allows Japanese and Australian troops to visit each other’s countries and conduct training and joint operations. 

Australian Prime Minister said that the treaty will strengthen their security ties and facilitate cooperation between defence forces.

The two sides also agreed on the need for a framework to allow Japanese military to protect Australian forces if needed.

BRICS adopts new Counter-Terrorism Strategy

The five-nation grouping BRICS has adopted a new counter-terrorism strategy to effectively deal with terrorism.


(1) To complement and strengthen the existing bilateral and multilateral ties among the BRICS countries;

(2) To make a meaningful contribution to the global efforts of preventing and combating the threat of terrorism.

The BRICS countries reaffirmed that terrorism in all its forms and manifestations constitutes one of the most serious threats to international peace and security and that any act of terrorism committed is a crime and has no justification.

They also recognized that the international community should take the necessary steps to enhance cooperation to prevent and combat terrorism, including cross-border movement of terrorists.

 BRICS is the acronym coined to associate five major emerging national economies: Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa.

Additional Judges appointed as Permanent Judges of Allahabad HC under Article 217

President of India recently appointed 28 Additional Judges as Permanent Judges of Allahabad High Court through Article 217(1) of the Indian Constitution. 

 Article 217 (1)

Every Judge of a High Court shall be appointed by the President by warrant under his hand and seal after consultation with the Chief Justice of India, the Governor of the State, and, in the case of appointment of a Judge other than the chief Justice, the chief Justice of the High court.

Every Judge of a High Court shall hold office, in the case of an additional or acting Judge, as provided in Article 224, and in any other case, until he attains the age of sixty two years Provided that

  • a Judge may, by writing under his hand addressed to the President, resign his office;
  • a Judge may be removed from his office by the President in the manner provided in clause (4) of Article 124 for the removal of a Judge of the Supreme Court;
  • the office of a Judge shall be vacated by his being appointed by the President to be a Judge of the Supreme Court or by his being transferred by the President to any other High Court within the territory of India.